Upon completion of the program, students will be able to:
- Explain how to assist the pharmacist in collecting, organizing, and evaluating information for direct patient care, medication use review, and department management
- Understand how to receive and review prescriptions/medication orders for completeness and authenticity
- Understand how to prepare medications for distribution
- Verify the measurements, preparation, and/or packaging of medications produced by other technicians
- Comprehend the medication distribution process
- Understand how to initiate, verify, and assist in adjudicating and collecting payment and/or initiating billing for pharmacy goods and services
- Comprehend the monitoring of the practice site and/or service area for compliance with federal, state and local laws, regulations and professional standards
- Understand how to maintain pharmacy equipment and facilities
- Understand how to prevent medication misadventures
- Recognize a professional image
- Understand how to function as an effective member of a health care team
- Understand the use and adverse effects of common prescription and nonprescription medications
||Starting Your Program
Succeed by learning how to use your Penn Foster program.
- Understand how to use your Student Portal, including your My Homepage and My Courses pages.
- Access the Penn Foster Community and use it to find answers.
- Connect with Penn Foster on various social media sites.
||The Profession of Pharmacy
Learn about the profession of pharmacy and the ever-expanding role of the pharmacy technician.
- Identify the laws that regulate the pharmacy profession.
- Describe the basic duties of a community pharmacy technician.
- List various types of pharmacies and the opportunities they offer the skilled pharmacy technician.
- Explain the educational, certification, and licensing requirements for pharmacists and technicians.
- Understand the role of other health-care professionals and how they relate to pharmacy.
||Regulations for Drug Development
In this lesson, you’ll learn about the Food and Drug Administration and how it came about through legislation passed in the 1900s.
- Describe the organization of the Food and Drug Administration and the purpose of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938.
- Describe the purpose of the Durham-Humphrey Amendment of 1952, the Kefauver-Harris Amendment of 1962, the Controlled Substances Act of 1970, and the Poison Prevention Packaging Act of 1970.
- Describe how the margin of safety of a drug is determined and how to determine the LD50 of a drug.
- Describe the basic components of an IND application and a new drug application (NDA).
- Differentiate between Phase 1, Phase 2, and Phase 3 clinical studies and define Phase 4 of clinical drug trials.
- Name the two criteria that the FDA uses to evaluate over-the-counter drugs for approval and marketing.
In this lesson, you’ll cover the policies and procedures related to pharmacy operations in both community and institutional pharmacies. You’ll examine the pharmacy technician’s duties related to pharmacy administration and management, including insurance billing procedures.
- Discuss pharmacy policies and procedures, including quality assurance issues.
- Detail components of a prescription order, patient profile, and prescription label.
- Explain the basic procedures related to ordering, purchasing, and storage and retrieval within the community pharmacy system and an institutional setting.
- Describe the procedures related to returns, recalls, and expired drugs, including the special handling of Schedule II drugs.
- Determine how technology systems such as IVR and electronic prescribing affect routine pharmacy operations.
- Describe the required components of a medication order and how it’s processed.
- Discuss automated systems of drug distribution in an institutional setting.
||Prescribers of Drugs
This lesson describes health-care professionals who are licensed to prescribe medications for the treatment of disease and illness. The most frequent prescriber is the physician, who may be either a general practitioner or a specialist.
- Define the medical specialties presented in this lesson.
- Identify the conditions that each medical specialist treats, and some of the drugs prescribed for them.
- Identify health-care providers other than physicians who are licensed to prescribe drugs.
- Identify the types of drugs that each of these licensed health-care providers prescribes and the condition for which each type of drug is prescribed.
||Veterinarians as Prescribers
This lesson will introduce you to the pharmacotherapeutic aspect of veterinary medicine. Pharmacotherapy is the treatment of disease or illness with drugs. You’ll learn about the important link between veterinarians and pharmacies, as well as the types of medications prescribed and their use in veterinary applications.
- List two classifications of animal disease and animal drugs.
- Describe the types of diseases for which veterinarians write prescriptions.
- Describe some of the types of drugs prescribed and how they are administered.
- Discuss the legalities of using human drugs in animals.
- Describe some adverse drug reactions.
||Drug Information Sources
This lesson describes the reference material most often used by pharmacists and pharmacy technicians to keep abreast of new drugs, regulatory changes, professional news, and other pertinent information.
- Identify the main types of reference information and their sources.
- Discuss various delivery methods of drug information available to pharmacists and technicians.
- List various drug information sources that may be required by law to be present in a pharmacy.
- Identify various journals and newsletters available to pharmacists and technicians.
||Drug Manufacturers, Monographs, and Package Inserts
This lesson will teach you the skills to gain a more complete understanding of what you’re dispensing.
When you complete this lesson, you’ll be able to
- Describe the difference between a drug’s generic, chemical, brand name, and popular name.
- Differentiate the two types of package inserts available.
- Understand the sections of an official drug monograph/package insert in order to evaluate the particular actions of a drug.
- Recognize the major sections of drug information that must be presented in each type of package insert and the type of information given in each section.
- Define contraindication.
This lesson will teach you how to prepare labels for medicines from written prescriptions. You’ll practice making labels as part of several learning exercises.
- Identify the basic parts of a computer keyboard.
- Recognize and write the abbreviations on a label.
- Identify all the parts of a label for a prescription.
- Write what must be included on a label.
- Translate a prescription onto a label.
About the Pharmacy Technician Certification Exam
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